On June 4, 1947, Mountbatten held a press conference on the issue of the principal states, including more than 563. Contractual relations between Great Britain and the Indian States ended and the permeability of the British crown was due to end on 15 August 1947. They would be free to join any of the new lords,[11] contrary to popular belief, independence was never an option for the spring states under the Mountbatten plan. [12] In July 1947, the British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act. It ordered that the reigns of India and Pakistan be separated until midnight on August 14, 1947, and that the assets of the world`s largest empire – which has been integrated in countless ways for more than a century – be divided into a single month. Two border commissions were desperately working to divide Punjab and Bengal to maintain the maximum number of Muslims west of the new border and east of the new border, but once the new borders were known, about 15 million Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs fled their homes on one side of the new borders. In the wake of this tragic exodus of innocent people, up to one million people have been killed in mass killings that, by comparison, have erased all the previous conflicts known in recent history. Sikhs who colonized the new Punjab “line” suffered the highest number of casualties relative to their numbers. Most Sikh refugees have moved to the relatively small area of the present-indian border state of Punjab.

Tara Singh later asked: “Muslims got Pakistan, and Hindus got their Hindustan, but what did the Sikhs get?” I would like to join in the honours that have been bestought by the right, Gentleman, the Member of Parliament for Woodford (Mr. Churchill). First of all, it should be noted that the Viceroy has shown great gifts of state art and a combination of patience, initiative and energy, which is indeed rare. Across the British Commonwealth, we have all waited for the statement that the Prime Minister has just made and we are pleased that the three major Indian parties have approved the plan. Since that country announced its intention to entrust the Indian government and the conduct of Indian affairs to the Indians, we have dealt with three things: first, that there should be a responsible authority to which the power and duty of the government are entrusted; second, that authority should be what the Indians themselves would like, their own design and choice; and third, that there should be turbulence prevention.