What Belgrade and Pristina have aimed at is not so much an agreement as a set of principles that must be developed before they can be implemented, and the development can be as contested as the agreement itself. On the first day of negotiations, on 3 September, the news that point 10 of the agreement provided for the recognition of Kosovo exploded in the Serbian media. But it was quickly reported that the controversial provision had been removed at the request of the Serbian side. Serbian media hailed the signing of the agreement as “historic” and a “diplomatic victory” because recognition of Kosovo was averted. Richard Grenell, former US Ambassador to Germany and “Special Envoy of the President for Serbia and the Kosovo Peace Negotiations”, was quick to speak, stressing that it was not true that such a provision existed and that the issue of Serbian recognition of Kosovo was not at all on the agenda. WASHINGTON – Serbian and Kosovar leaders said Friday that they are normalizing economic relations, a sign of progress as the two Balkan countries in conflict try to resolve a decades-long dispute that has triggered U.S. military intervention in the region. For places like Kosovo, which are still suffering from the consequences of past conflicts, cooperation, unity of political voice and vision, dialogue and prevention of extreme polarization must be a top priority. This solidarity, particularly in the context of the current pandemic, should be strongly focused on achieving a difficult balance between public health, economic recovery and human rights. In this sense, the heads of state and government of both sides should move resolutely towards a comprehensive agreement, peace and long-term reconciliation. The fact that the Trump administration is in charge of signing the agreement and wants to actively participate in the negotiations was already felt in October 2019, when Richard Grenell was appointed special envoy.

Considering that 2020 is an election year in the United States and that Trump has little foreign policy success in his name, it seems that he simply needed some diplomatic success.